The Tibetan Government’s Meddling Created Three Karmapas

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By: Karma Rigzin

On 5th November 1981, His Holiness the 16th Gyalwa Karmapa passed away. No one could have anticipated the controversy that would ensue in the coming decades. The recognition of his reincarnation, the 17th Karmapa, has since become one of the most controversial topics to rock the Tibetan community and thanks to the meddling of the Tibetan government, it remains an issue that drives a wedge between practitioners of the Karma Kagyu tradition.

At the heart of the controversy are the four Regents of the Karma Kagyu lineage – His Eminence Shamar Rinpoche, Tai Situ Rinpoche, Jamgon Kongtrul Rinpoche and Goshir Gyaltsab Rinpoche – as well as the three Karmapa candidates, each with their own claim to the throne. They are:

 

Karmapa Claimant #1: Dawa Sangpo Dorje

Dawa Sangpo Dorje

Dawa Sangpo Dorje was born on 30th May 1977 in Mangan, North Sikkim, leading to his colloquial name ‘the Sikkimese Karmapa’. At 41 years old, he is the oldest claimant to the 17th Karmapa’s throne and the first to be recognized.

Born into a very poor family, Dawa Sangpo Dorje had always felt out of place. As a child he would make proclamations of owning Rumtek Monastery, which is the Indian seat of the Karmapas.

Lachung Rinpoche first examined Dawa Sangpo Dorje at around five or six years old. He told Dawa Sangpo Dorje’s father to bring the child to Rumtek Monastery without telling him where they were going, in order to test the child. While at Rumtek, the child recognized the monastery despite his parents telling him that it was another monastery.

Around 1983, Dawa Sangpo Dorje was eventually brought before Jamgon Kongtrul Rinpoche, one of the four Regents of the Karma Kagyu tradition. The young boy was able to point out the 16th Karmapa’s sleeping quarters without hesitation. Later, he was asked to select the personal belongings of the 16th Karmapa. Shown six items, he was able to select four of them correctly. Jamgon Kongtrul Rinpoche then asked the parents to return in a few months as he was busy with pujas for the 16th Karmapa, and he also had to confer with the other three Regents. He adviced that Dawa Sangpo Dorje would need to be enrolled into the traditional course of Buddhist studies, and that the boy should be brought to him at Rumtek later on. However, Dawa Sangpo Dorje’s parents failed to do so.

Around 1989, the child was taken by some elderly Tibetans to study at Sakya Monastery in Darjeeling. Dawa Sangpo Dorje recalls that he was at a monastery in Lumbini, Nepal in 1992 when he heard about the demise of Jamgon Kongtrul Rinpoche in a tragic car accident at Siliguri, Bengal in India. Since Kongtrul Rinpoche was the only one who knew about his recognition, the recognition process for Dawa Sangpo Dorje did not proceed thereafter. Till that year, he was the only claimant to the throne of the Karmapas.

 

Karmapa Claimant #2: Trinley Thaye Dorje

Trinley Thaye Dorje

The second claimant to the 17th Karmapa’s throne, Trinley Thaye Dorje, was born on 6th May 1983 in Lhasa, Tibet. He is the son of the 3rd Mipham Rinpoche of Junyung Monastery, an important incarnate lama of the Nyingma school and his mother is Dechen Wangmo, the daughter of a noble family that descends from King Gesar of Ling. At one and a half years old, the boy is said to have started telling people that he was the Karmapa.

In 1988, His Eminence Shamar Rinpoche secretly travelled to Lhasa to investigate whether Thaye Dorje was the reincarnation of the Karmapa, due to a prophetic dream of the boy by Sakya Chogye Trichen Rinpoche. In March 1994, Thaye Dorje along with his family escaped from Tibet to India via Nepal. Later that same year, Shamar Rinpoche formally recognized and enthroned Thaye Dorje as the 17th Gyalwa Karmapa at the Karmapa International Buddhist Institute in New Delhi, India amidst turmoil.

After his enthronement, Thaye Dorje embarked on his traditional monastic training, receiving teachings and transmissions in Buddhist philosophy and practice. His teachers included the 14th Shamar Rinpoche, Professor Sempa Dorje and Khenpo Chödrak Tenphel. Consequently, in December 2003, Shamar Rinpoche enthroned Thaye Dorje as Vidhyadhara (Knowledge Holder) at the Karmapa International Buddhist Institute, thus formally establishing him as a lineage master.

Complementing his traditional Buddhist studies, Thaye Dorje also received a modern education from English and Australian tutors. From Professor Harrison Pemberton of Washington and Lee University (USA), he received an intensive introduction into Western philosophy. He currently resides in Kalimpong, India where he continues the traditional education required for a holder of the Karmapa title.

On 17th May 2006, the Karmapa Charitable Trust officially appointed Thaye Dorje as the heir to the 16th Karmapa’s estate. Since the Trust is the legal and administrative guardian of the estate, Thaye Dorje can legally reside in Rumtek Monastery in Sikkim. However, the resident monks currently in physical control of Rumtek Monastery oppose Thaye Dorje as they support the 3rd Karmapa claimant, Ogyen Trinley. Since legal proceedings between supporters of the two claimants have not reached a final conclusion, Thaye Dorje’s residence remains in Kalimpong for the time being.

On 25th March 2017, Thaye Dorje returned his monastic vows and married Sangyumla Rinchen Yangzom and, as of May 2018, the couple are expecting a child.

 

Karmapa Claimant #3: Ogyen Trinley Dorje

Ogyen Trinley Dorje

Ogyen Trinley Dorje, who is the 3rd Karmapa claimant, was born on 26th June 1985 to primarily nomadic parents in Lhatok Township, Chamdo County in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. Given the birth name Apo Gaga, it is said that early on in his childhood, he announced to family members that he was the Karmapa.

When he was seven years old, he was identified and recognized as the 17th Karmapa by a search party led by Tai Situ Rinpoche. Tai Situ Rinpoche claimed to be following instructions that supposedly had been left to him by the previous Karmapa, in a prophetic letter that had been hidden in a ghau amulet box.

Ogyen Trinley was formally enthroned at Tsurphu Monastery, the monastic seat of the Karmapas in Tibet. Recognition also came from His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama and the Chinese government, via an official sanction from the State Council of the People’s Republic of China which declared him to be “a living Buddha”.

This was the first time China’s Communist government officially confirmed a tulku. Just a year later, at the United Nations Human Rights Conference in Vienna, the Chinese government announced that they planned for Ogyen Trinley to undergo his monastic training in Tsurphu Monastery, to prepare him for his future role as the successor of the Dalai Lama.

However, at the age of 14, Ogyen Trinley escaped to India via Nepal and on 5th January 2000, he finally arrived at the Tibetan exiled leadership’s headquarters in Dharamsala, North India. Ogyen Trinley said that he left China because he was unable to obtain the teachings he needed to complete his studies and to realize his full spiritual authority and potential. Today, he primarily resides at Gyuto Monastery in Sidhbari, near Dharamsala.

 

The Karmapa and His Regents

Left to right: Milarepa, Marpa and Gampopa

The Kagyu tradition, literally “Oral Lineage”, is regarded as one of the main schools of Tibetan Buddhism. Founded by Marpa, Milarepa and Gampopa, known as “Mar-Mi-Dag Sum“, the central teaching of the Kagyu tradition is the doctrine of Mahamudra or “the Great Seal”. Over the years however, due to the proliferation of the teachings down the line of a number of important teachers, the early Kagyu tradition eventually gave rise to a number of independent sub-sects.

The principal Kagyu lineages that exist today as organized schools are the Drikung Kagyu, Drukpa Kagyu and Karma Kagyu sub-sects, amongst others. Each school has its own head. In the case of the Karma Kagyus for example, their school was founded by one of Gampopa’s main disciples Dusum Khyenpa, the 1st Karmapa Lama (1110–1193). Hence, the head of the Karma Kagyu school today is the Karmapa.

Within the Karma Kagyu tradition, the spiritual authority of the Karmapa is supported by the Four Karma Kagyu Regents. The first and senior-most regent is the Shamarpa, whose previous lives were responsible for the recognition and training of most of the Karmapa incarnations..Thus, the Shamarpa is traditionally charged with searching for and recognizing the Karmapa’s incarnations.

Next in rank is the Tai Situpa and while his incarnation line has been responsible for recognizing some previous incarnations of the Karmapa, especially when the Shamarpa was not available, he is not the main lama traditionally entrusted with this responsibility. Then, next in rank are Jamgon Kongtrul Rinpoche and Goshi Gyaltsab Rinpoche as the third and fourth regents respectively.

 

Recognizing the Karmapas

The Karmapa line of incarnations is unique in that the Karmapas are known to be self-identifying. Before a Karmapa passes away, he will compose prophetic letters that reveal the identity and location of his next incarnation, as well as the parents’ names. These letters are hidden and only revealed when the Karma Kagyu regents assemble a task force to search for the new incarnation. The letters are then opened in the presence of all four regents. Therefore, when Tai Situpa claimed that he was in possession of the 16th Karmapa’s prophetic letter, it attracted the attention of the Shamarpa, who requested to examine the letter and have it tested to verify its authenticity.

However, Tai Situpa refused and the letter was never shown to the Shamarpa nor was it ever tested. And despite the fact he has never been singularly responsible for identifying the Karmapa’s incarnations, Tai Situpa nevertheless used this unauthenticated letter as the basis to recognize his own claimant, Ogyen Trinley Dorje, for the 17th Karmapa’s throne.

Meanwhile, based on his own sources, the Shamarpa recognized his own claimant, Trinley Thaye Dorje, for the 17th Karmapa’s throne.

This two-way situation has been further complicated by the existence of a third claimant, Dawa Sangpo Dorje, who was recognized by Jamgon Kongtrul Rinpoche. However, since Jamgon Kongtrul Rinpoche passed away before Dawa Sangpo Dorje could be formally recognized, he has not received much support for his claim to be the 17th Karmapa.

 

The Meddling of the Tibetan Government in Exile

Jamgon Kongtrul Rinpoche

The existence of multiple Karmapa claimants was always going to cause divisions within the Karma Kagyu community, but things escalated after the involvement of His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama. Throughout history, the Dalai Lamas (who are Gelug) have never been involved in the recognition process of the Karmapas. It has always been a matter left to the Karma Kagyus, who identify and enthrone their own lineage head without input from or the participation of the Dalai Lama.

Once in exile, and with three claimants to the throne, things came to a head when the Dalai Lama gave his endorsement to one of the candidates. It was the politically-minded Tai Situpa who got the Dalai Lama to endorse his candidate, Ogyen Trinley Dorje, although theoretically the endorsement should not matter and traditionally, it never has. However, the endorsement swung popular opinion in the Tibetan exile community in favor of Ogyen Trinley Dorje.

After all, to most people unaware of the details of the Karmapa recognition process, whomever the Dalai Lama endorses must be the correct one, mustn’t it?

And so, the Dalai Lama’s endorsement became extremely problematic because it emboldened Tai Situpa’s supporters to become vocal in favor of their claimant, and violent against Shamar Rinpoche and his candidate Thaye Dorje. When Shamar Rinpoche approached the Dalai Lama to withdraw his endorsement, hoping that it would abate the violence stemming from Tai Situpa’s followers, the Dalai Lama claimed he could not retract his endorsement because it had already been given.

As a result, during Trinley Thaye Dorje’s enthronement, a group of monks stormed Rumtek Monastery. Throwing rocks and bricks, their aim was to disrupt the ceremony and oust monks who were supportive of the Shamarpa and Thaye Dorje.


or watch on our server:
http://video.dorjeshugden.com/videos/RumtekAttack.mp4

In the end, the police had to be called in to quell the violence. This violence took place despite the fact the legal guardians of the Karmapa’s trust had declared Thaye Dorje as their heir and he had every legal right to be on the premises.

In response to this incident, the Shamarpa alerted the Indian authorities to the fact Tai Situpa had organized a riot against Rumtek. With his strong ties to the Indian government, the Shamarpa managed to get Tai Situpa barred from entering India for five years.

Tai Situ Rinpoche

The only reason why Tai Situpa was able to instigate so much conflict is because he received the backing and endorsement of the Dalai Lama. In the Tibetan community, it is common knowledge that once a person receives the Dalai Lama’s support, everything they do is somehow approved. No matter how intolerable they become, or how divisive, violent or vulgar, because the Dalai Lama said they are okay, all of their actions become okay.

That is why Tai Situpa did not fear any repercussions for organizing the riot, because the Dalai Lama supports his candidate. That is why the anti-Dorje Shugden community do not fear any repercussions for the segregation, violence and vulgarities that they direct at Shugden practitioners, because the Dalai Lama encourages their anti-Shugden view. That is why Jonangpas have to go on hunger strike to win equal representation in the Tibetan parliament, because they have not won the Dalai Lama’s support and therefore have to fight in this manner.

Thus, in this way, the interference of the Tibetan leadership has led the Karma Kagyu world to become polarized between the two claimants to the Karmapa’s throne. Trapped in a tit-for-tat battle spanning decades, the Karma Kagyu school to this day is unable to resolve the opposing claims to the Karmapa’s throne. Tai Situpa exploited the Dalai Lama’s rank and popularity to lend credibility to his candidate, regardless of the fact the Dalai Lama is an outsider with no spiritual authority in Karma Kagyu matters.

There is no historical precedence of any Dalai Lama being involved in the recognition and enthronement of Karmapas, but this has not stopped the 14th Dalai Lama’s involvement. So it has actually reinforced the division within the Karma Kagyu school. The Dalai Lama and the Tibetan leadership promotes and invites Ogyen Trinley, and appears in photos and at events with him, all the while ignoring the other two claimants. This behavior sends a clear message for everyone to see who the Dalai Lama approves of and who he does not, and therefore who they should support.

 

The Real Reason the CTA is Dividing the Karma Kagyus

Perhaps the in-fighting within the Karma Kagyu school is actually desirable for the Tibetan leadership as it creates a diversion from the real problems plaguing Tibetan society – because everyone is fighting over who the ‘right’ Karmapa is, they are too distracted to question the Tibetan leadership over their many scandals and their failure to progress in any of their political goals.

Or perhaps the in-fighting is designed to ensure that the Dalai Lama remains unchallenged in his position and popularity, and that no other spiritual leader has a fanbase that can rival that of the Dalai Lama’s. With three claimants to the throne, each vying to wrest control of the Karma Kagyu lineage, there will be no one single Karmapa who can harness the support of the millions of Karma Kagyu practitioners worldwide, a possibility that the Tibetan leadership might find threatening to the Dalai Lama’s status.

After all, this is a story in which the Dalai Lama’s name appears far more than it should. Why is one of Tibet’s highest authorities consistently interfering in the religious affairs of another sect?

Karma Kagyu refuge tree

But could anyone have predicted that one of Tibet’s greatest treasures, the Karma Kagyu lineage, would one day find itself at this impasse? It was the 5th Karmapa Deshin Shegpa himself who saw this coming. Famous for a series of prophecies concerning his own future lives, the 5th Karmapa wrote,

“In the successive line of Karmapas, during the latter part of the 16th Karmapa’s life, and at the beginning of the 17th, the emanation of one who has broken Vajrayana vows, a lama who has the name of “Natha” will appear at this seat of Karma Gon.

By the effect and power of that wrong wish, the Karma Kagyu Lineage/Doctrine (will be) nearly destroyed at that time.

At that time, someone who has made wishes in the past, an emanation of Guru Padmasambhava’s mind/heart will appear from the west.

He has a circular line of moles on his chest and a wrathful temperament.

From his mouth come wrathful words, or the mantra of the wrathful deities.

He has a dark complexion and two eyes bulging, or prominently shaped.

That one (he) will defeat the emanation of the one who has violated the Vajrayana vows.

Through that person, the region of Tibet will be protected for some time, during which there will be some happiness like having a glimpse of the sun.”

Source: The Karmapa Prophecies by Sylvia Wong

This is understood to mean that the Karmapa’s 17th incarnation would have tremendous obstacles but this would eventually come to pass, and the incarnation would later emerge as the most powerful and beneficial Karmapa in spreading the Dharma far and wide. The 5th Karmapa’s predictions, however, ended with the 17th Karmapa, an indication that this current incarnation will be the last to bear the Karmapa name.

Predictions notwithstanding, was it really necessary for the Tibetan leadership to get involved and cause so much strife and division over the last two decades? Given the Dalai Lama’s recent comments about the Panchen Lama, it is possible that all three claimants may be genuine emanations of the Karmapa but the fact remains that it was never within the Tibetan leadership’s purview to interfere in the matter. And now that they have caused the damage, they continue to remain silent and do nothing to resolve it, choosing instead to add fuel to the fire and to watch the damaging results of their actions unfold.

It would be in the Tibetan leadership’s best interests to resolve the Karmapa situation, given that they can currently count the number of supporters they have on one hand. The Dalai Lama’s recent announcement regarding the Panchen Lama is one possible method; perhaps the Tibetan leadership might like to apply the same statement to the Karmapa claimants, and the Dalai Lama can start inviting them to his events and appearing in photos with them too. It is an idea that would certainly win whole swathes of Karma Kagyu practitioners back onto the Tibetan leadership’s side.

Regardless of whatever method the Tibetan leadership chooses, one thing is clear – at a time when vast changes are taking place in the world’s geopolitical landscape and the Tibetan leadership’s friends are in short supply, they are going to need all the supporters they can get.

 

Karmapa claimant seeks Ogyen Trinley tests

Click to enlarge (Source: https://www.thestatesman.com/cities/karmapa-claimant-seeks-ogyen-trinley-tests-1502619916.html)

 

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  1. A Plot to Murder the Dalai Lama

    Deputy Chief Minister of Karnataka, South India, says there is a plot to murder the Tibetan spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama.

    Link to the original video: https://www.indiatoday.in/india/video/fight-for-separate-lingayat-religion-karnataka-deputy-cm-alleges-murderous-plot-against-dalai-lama-more-1353993-2018-10-02

    http://video.dorjeshugden.com/comment-videos/comment-1538514480.mp4


  2. A plot to murder the Dalai Lama by a Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB) terrorist named Kausar was recently uncovered. Kausar planned to cause the Dalai Lama’s demise and blow up Buddhist temples in the Indian State of Karnataka as revenge for the attacks on Rohingya Muslims by some Buddhists in Myanmar.

    Although Kausar’s plans are appalling and cannot be justified, it is a reminder that the Dalai Lama as a well-known Buddhist personality has a moral obligation to discourage religious persecution in any form. This even includes the discrimination experienced by Dorje Shugden practitioners.

    Bengaluru: JMB terrorists targeted Buddhist temples in Karnataka?
    Tue, Oct 2 2018 01:46:48 PM
    Daijiworld Media Network – Bengaluru (MS)
    Bengaluru, Oct 2: Explosive information about the plans of Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB) terrorist Kausar alias Muneer Sheikh alias Mohammed Jahidul Islam (38) has been unearthed in which he had targeted to blow up the Buddhist temples of the state.
    Earlier in the National Investigation Agency (NIA) investigation, it came to light that Kausar had planned to plant a bomb at the programme of Buddhist leader Dalai Lama that was held in the month of August at Ramanagara. Dalai Lama had participated in the programme that was held on August 13 at the Dalai Lama Institute of Higher Education, which is situated at the Bengaluru – Mysuru road. Kausar was arrested by NIA on August 7, barely six days before the programme.
    With regard to this information, the top officials of the CID department have held a meeting on Monday, October 1 and it was decided to conduct a separate investigation of this issue, as per the information given by home minister.
    It was also decided to gather information to know whether Kausar had visited the sites of important Buddhist temples in the state like Bailukuppe Tibetan Camp at Kushalnagar in Kodagu, Kollegal and the camp at Mundagod of Uttara Kannada district.
    It is confirmed from the interrogation that Kausar had planned to conduct acts of sabotage and explosions, targeting the Buddhists living in India, as a revenge to the attacks on Rohingya Muslims by the Buddhists in Myanmar. In addition, the investigating officers have also said that Kausar, who had lived in and around Bengaluru from 2014, had hatched a plot to kill Dalai Lama.
    NIA officials had arrested an accomplice of Kausar in the case of Bodh Gaya bombings. It is also confirmed that the JMB terrorists had planned in Kerala to carry out acts of sabotage in the state of Karnataka. It is learnt that a special team will be sent to Kerala also to know Kausar’s link there.
    One accomplice of Kausar still absconding
    NIA has so far arrested seven accused in the Bodh Gaya explosion case. However, Arif Hussain, one more accused and accomplice of Kausar is absconding. Arif is one of the members of the gang that kept IED explosives in the Kalachakra ground of Bodh Gaya. During the investigation, a shocking piece of information has come to light that Arif had met Kausar after the blasts and also discussed with regards to the failure of the intended plan.
    Expert in manufacturing IED explosives
    Kausar, the JMB terrorist is an expert in manufacturing IED explosives. He had come to India with his accomplice Muzafir Rehman from Bangladesh and had planned to carry out terrorist acts on a large scale. Kausar had also trained his accomplices with regards to the manufacture of IED.
    No information of intended bombings in state, says CM
    “No plot was hatched to kill Buddhist leader Dalai Lama in the state of Karnataka. Police are about to file charge sheet against the accused who have been arrested for the bomb blasts that took place in Bodh Gaya. However, I do not know why the name of Dalai Lama is mentioned in this issue. There is no relation between terrorist Kausar, who was caught in Ramanagara, and the attempt on the life of Dalai Lama. However, the police are going to conduct investigation in this angle also. The central government has not sought any information in this regard from the state government,” clarified CM Kumaraswamy to the media.
    Speaking on the issue, Dr G Parameshwar, DCM, said, “The officers of NIA are not sharing any information with us with regard to the plot hatched by the terrorists. They gather information at the international level and arrest the terrorists.”
    Former CM Jagadish Shettar accused the state government and said, “A comprehensive inquiry has to be conducted relating to the issue of the plot to kill Dalai Lama by JMB terrorists. The arrest of suspected terrorists by the NIA shows the utter failure of the state CID.” 
    http://www.daijiworld.com/news/newsDisplay.aspx?newsID=531008

    Bengaluru JMB terrorists targeted Buddhist temples in Karnataka

  3. The fact that rangzen activists aim for the goal of Tibetan independence is at odds with the Dalai Lama’s goal for Tibet’s autonomy. This is nothing new but it is an undeniable fact that the Dalai Lama is the most recognisable Tibetan face and representative for the Tibetan Cause. However, for years now there has been a deficit of trust between China and the Dalai Lama, which leaves the future of Tibetan refugees in limbo.

    Recently, the Dalai Lama tried to take conciliatory steps towards China by acknowledging that development in the Tibet Autonomous Region is beneficial and expressed his desire to return to China. He even said he wants to go on pilgrimage to Mount Wutai, China’s most famous Buddhist site. The fact that the Rangzen people are still protesting against China however shows their true colour. They are against the Dalai Lama and want to make sure that his efforts to help Tibetans are unsuccessful.

    Activists coalition rally against “Xi-the-Pooh” at Un headquarters in NY
    [Thursday, September 20, 2018 18:01]
    By Tenzin Dharpo
    DHARAMSHALA, Sep. 20: Activists from various countries that calls for freedom from China’s repression gathered in front of the United Nation’s headquarters in New York City on Tuesday on the opening day of the 73rd General Assembly to protest CCP honcho Chinese President Xi Jinping.
    Activists from Tibet, East Turkestan, Southern Mongolia and Hong Kong, Taiwan as well as pro-democracy groups in unison called for the end to repressive policies implemented by China and freedom for their countries. The coalition labelled the Chinese president “Xi-the Pooh” in resemblance to cartoon character Winnie the Pooh who is incidentally banned in China, in addition to calling the Chinese leader “Xitler” likening him to infamous Nazi dictator Adolf Hilter.
    Members of the Students for a Free Tibet, Tibetan Youth Congress and Tibetan National Congress joined in the rally that saw activists throw ink at an effigy of Xi in apparent solidarity with Chinese woman Dong Yaoqiong who threw ink at a poster of Xi in Shanghai on July 4. The 29-year-old from Hunan province was arrested by Chinese police in July and has been detained in a mental institution, sources say. 
    SFT Executive Director Dorjee Tsetan led the protest where activists denounced China’s narrative that Xi as the face of new China inching towards leadership in the global arena and reiterate their resistance in the face of Xi-led CCP’s totalitarian rule.
    Tiananmen massacre survivor and pro-democracy activist Rose Tang wrote in her Facebook page, “Very honoured to be with my sisters and brothers from Tibet, East Turkestan, Southern Mongolia, Hong Kong, Taiwan, China and the US to de-face Xitler. Xitler and the Chinese Communist Party rely on lies and violence; our weapons are peace, love and compassion. We shall defeat Xitler!”
    Representatives from various occupied nations and activists such as Ilshat Hassan, President of Uyghur American Association, Enghebatu Togochog, Director of Southern Mongolian Human Rights Information Center, Sarah Cook, Senior Researcher for East Asia, Freedom House, Teng Baio, Chinese Human Rights Lawyer and Activist, Omer Karnat, Director, Uyghur Human Rights Project, Ngawang Tharchin, President, Regional Tibetan Youth Congress NY/NJ, Anna Cheung, Activist, New York For Hong Kong and Marvin Kumetat, US Program Coordinator, Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization were seen speaking at the protest rally in New York city.
    http://www.phayul.com/news/article.aspx?id=40781&article=Activists+coalition+rally+against+%E2%80%9CXi-the-Pooh%E2%80%9D+at+Un+headquarters+in+NY

    Activists coalition rally against “Xi-the-Pooh” at Un headquarters in NY

  4. Sex Predator in a Monk’s Robes?

    In USA, Shambhala’s head Sakyong Mipham with his huge ceremonial hat, blue and gold brocades on a high throne. So much pomp and ceremony and underneath it all was a monster… a sexual predator in religious robes exploiting women and people. Such a disgusting shame. Sakyong should be barred from any activities in the future and go for counselling. He needs it badly. His father was Chogyam Trungpa who did the same thing to women and included drugs and orgies in the 70′s. Dalai Lama supports Sakyong Mipham as sizeable donations were given to the Dalai Lama’s office. Shame. We all thought Dalai Lama was clairvoyant and can see the hearts of sentient beings? Sakyong Mipham wears monk robes, shaves his head but has a wife and kids. Why keep wearing monk robes? He is wearing monk robes to look authentic as he is not authentic. Easier to swindle and fool people. Ontop of wearing robes, shaved head masquerading as a monk, has a wife and kids, he further attacks other women sexually. What kind of spiritual leader is this? Disgusting.

  5. China and India are becoming closer and in a recent meeting have agreed on some points. One of these points is that the Dalai Lama will not be allowed to carry out any more political activities against China on Indian soil. Being a spiritual leader, why is he so political anyway? The Indian leaders are slowly silencing the Dalai Lama and the Tibetans in India. The Dalai Lama and his Tibetan government in-exile regime had better make friends with China already. They should either go back to Tibet/China or become Indian citizens and remain silent.

    China will review new inputs on Azhar

    Delhi says no anti-Chinese activity will be allowed in India

    China has assured India that it will, in future, consider any additional information that is provided on Jaish-e-Mohammad (JeM) chief Masood Azhar to designate him as an international terrorist.

    The assurance was given by Minister of Public Security of the People’s Republic of China, Zhao Kezhi, to Home Minister Rajnath Singh at a high-level meeting held in New Delhi last week.

    Dalai Lama’s visit

    On its part, India said its territory would not be used for any political activity against China, when Beijing raised the visit of the Dalai Lama to Arunachal Pradesh in 2016.

    The Doklam stand-off between the armies of the two countries at the China-Sikkim-Bhutan tri-junction last year, which lasted for over two months, was not raised by either side.

    China had blocked India’s proposal to designate Azhar as an international terrorist at a UN sanctions committee. “The Chinese Minister also promised action on United Liberation Front of Assam leader Paresh Baruah, who is said to be hiding in China. He said they would consider any fresh information provided by India on both Azhar and Baruah,” said a senior government official.

    China considers Arunachal Pradesh a disputed territory and has referred to Tibetan leader Dalai Lama as a “separatist.” China was categorical that no protests or demonstrations should be organised by the Tibetans here.

    ‘A spiritual leader’

    “They wanted to raise the so-called disputed status of Arunachal Pradesh, but we did not agree to include it in the agenda. The Chinese delegation was assured that no political activity against the Chinese will be allowed from any Indian territory and as far as the Dalai Lama is concerned, he is a spiritual Tibetan leader who was given shelter in India,” said the official.

    Beijing also raised the unrest in Xinjiang province and sought India’s cooperation on the movement of Uighur militants.

    ‘No Uighur militants’

    “There is no evidence of the movement of Uighur militants in India, but the Chinese raised the subject as they have an apprehension that they may use India as a transit. They were assured that no such activity will be allowed,” said the official.

    On October 22, India and China signed an agreement to “strengthen and consolidate discussions and cooperation in the areas of counter-terrorism, organised crime, drug control and other such relevant areas.”

    A Memorandum of Understanding had been signed in 2005 with China, but that lapsed two years ago.

    https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/will-consider-information-on-azhar-china-tells-india/article25347756.ece

    ChinaWillReviewNewInputs

  6. A powerful article, a must-read! Makes people wonder, why are they so biased against China when all the other countries are doing exactly what China is doing but behind the facade of ‘democracy’? 👎

    Opinion: In Search Of Historical Parallels For China’s Rise
    October 15, 20182:55 PM ET
    Alexis Dudden teaches history at the University of Connecticut and is the author of Japan’s Colonization of Korea and Troubled Apologies Among Japan, Korea, and the United States. Jeffrey Wasserstrom (@jwassers) teaches history at University of California, Irvine, and is the author of Eight Juxtapositions: China through Imperfect Analogies from Mark Twain to Manchukuo and coauthor of China in the 21st Century: What Everyone Needs to Know.
    History can be helpful in making sense of what the Chinese Communist Party is doing within and beyond the borders of the People’s Republic of China. But when it comes to understanding today’s China, history is an imperfect guide. Neat parallels with the past aren’t possible. Certain aspects of China today are completely without historical precedent. And even when certain parallels do become possible, history isn’t helpful in quite the way that either Chinese President Xi Jinping or others promoting comparisons to the past may assume.
    Some have warned that as China threatens to displace the U.S. as a world power, war is inevitable — the so-called Thucydides Trap. While it may be tempting now to view the U.S. as Sparta to China’s Athens, this analogy does not stand up to scrutiny. There are more than just two major states locked in competition. Moves by Russia, the European Union, Japan and other powers will affect what does or does not happen next. The existence of international organizations and nuclear weapons alone makes it problematic to summon ancient Greek wars as templates for contemporary geopolitical tensions.
    Xi’s own ideas about the past are particularly significant, and similarly flawed. In promoting his outward-facing Belt and Road Initiative — an ambitious global infrastructure project — and his more domestically focused “Chinese dream” vision of national rejuvenation, he advances the idea that China should be seen as both rebooting and rejecting the past.
    In terms of rebooting, he presents the Belt and Road Initiative as putting a glorious new high-tech spin on the ancient Silk Road. In terms of rejecting, he presents China as breaking completely from the way two previous rising powers — the U.S. and Japan — behaved during the so-called “century of humiliation,” the period between 1839 and 1949 when they were part of an imperialist ganging-up on China.
    But there are no perfect historical analogies for the Belt and Road Initiative. It is not the modern version of the ancient Silk Road. That “road” was actually a set of roads, and they evolved organically, not via a top-down edict. In addition, Silk Roads also were defined by flows in different directions, with China being transformed by things moving into the country as much as by things heading out from it.
    Similarly, there are no perfect analogies to Beijing’s aggressive actions in the South China Sea or its creation of a vast network of indoctrination camps for Uighurs in Muslim-majority Xinjiang.
    As historians of China and Japan, what intrigues us, though, is that some of the most revealing imperfect analogies that come to mind lie precisely where Xi claims no precedents should be sought: in the actions and rhetoric of America and Japan between the first Opium War and the second world war — the period encompassing China’s century of humiliation.
    As America and Japan leapfrogged up the world’s geopolitical hierarchy, they each, as China does now, generated awe, anxiety and an admixture of the two. Much like China today, these two countries were associated with rapid economic development (facilitated by limits on the rights of laborers), technological advances (such as impressive new train lines) and territorial expansion (including, in each case, asserting control over islands in the Pacific Ocean).
    Leaders in Washington and Tokyo then, like those in Beijing now, often claimed to be breaking with the playbooks of previous empires. They asserted that their actions were motivated not by a naked desire for greater power but by a wish to improve the lot of people already under their control in borderlands or those being brought under their control farther away. When they used force, they claimed, they did so only to ensure stability and order.
    Beijing’s recent actions in Xinjiang and Tibet have echoes in Tokyo’s actions in Manchuria in the 1930s and Washington’s in the Philippines at the turn of the 19th century. Tokyo sent soldiers and settlers to Manchuria and exerted direct and indirect influence over the territory. Japanese official publications treated Manchuria’s people much in the same way as China’s Xinhua News Agency now treats those of Xinjiang and Tibet — as inhabitants of a backward and dangerous frontier that needed guidance from a government in a more advanced capital. In the Philippines, American proponents of expansion similarly celebrated the influx of new people and the importing of “modern” ideas, institutions and influences.
    History does suggest that Beijing’s leaders might consider doing things to make their actions less similar to the negative models of Japanese and U.S. expansion that loom large in China’s textbooks. They could grant greater agency to Uighurs and Tibetans in the path of their assimilationist development moves — allowing various languages to be taught in schools, for example — and reverse the trend in Xinjiang of disappearing people into camps, which conjures up other troubling historical analogies as well.
    In the South China Sea, Beijing is doing things that anyone steeped in the American and Japanese pasts will find familiar. But there are new twists.
    In the 1850s, the Japanese government built six Odaiba island fortresses in Tokyo Bay as a defensive strategy, primarily against the Americans. During an 1879 tour of China and Japan, former U.S. president Ulysses S. Grant boasted about his nation’s completion of the transcontinental railroad, which is notable in this context because it was a grand, “belt”-like project that, among other things, facilitated his successors’ annexations of Hawaii and the Philippines, as well as other islands.
    Beijing’s recent pressure on international airlines to shade Taiwan the same color as the mainland on their maps is a new turn. It does, though, recall schoolchildren’s maps in Japan being modified to include Taiwan in 1895, when Tokyo annexed the island into its growing empire. The same thing occurred again in 1910, when Japan subsumed Korea.
    One important difference between China’s expansionist moves and those of the United States and Japan is how they resonated at home. Until Japan took its dark turn in the late 1930s that resulted in the cataclysmic events of 1945, Japanese critics of Tokyo’s territorial ambitions could express their views in public.
    Mark Twain, a writer Xi admires, found it distasteful when the U.S. took control of the Philippines — when, as he put it, the “eagle put its talons” into new places with rapacious greed.
    Some Chinese citizens doubtlessly feel similarly about their government’s actions in the South China Sea, as well as its repressive moves in Xinjiang and Tibet. Unlike Twain or domestic critics of Japanese expansionism, though, it would be dangerous for China’s people to voice their concerns openly. That may be one of the most troubling comparisons from the past and present.
    https://www.npr.org/2018/10/15/657019981/opinion-in-search-of-historical-parallels-for-chinas-rise

    ty

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