Author Topic: Going undercover, the evangelists taking Jesus to Tibet  (Read 4289 times)

Ensapa

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Going undercover, the evangelists taking Jesus to Tibet
« on: February 22, 2013, 06:25:07 AM »
this isnt good news. Evangelists are rarely good news. Leave the Tibetans alone!

Quote
Going undercover, the evangelists taking Jesus to Tibet
Chinese authorities said to be selectively tolerant of Christian missionaries, seeing them as a counterforce to

Jonathan Kaiman
guardian.co.uk, Thursday 21 February 2013 17.07 GMT


Tibetan Catholics pray at a church in the Tibet Autonomous Region. Most Christian missionaries in Tibet belong to nondenominational groups intent on mass conversion. Photograph: Wang Changshan/Xinhua Press/Corbis
Chris and Sarah recently moved into a newly renovated two-bedroom apartment in Xining, a bustling Chinese city on the edge of the Tibetan Plateau, where they manage a small business and spread the teachings of Jesus Christ. The couple, whose names have been changed to protect their identities, are enthusiastic and devout. They say that they could stay for decades.

"I really love being in a place where, it's like, if you're an artist, and an artist comes in and sees a blank canvas, they go heck yes – they love creating something new, and that's how I feel," said Sarah. "That's not to say that there aren't times when I cry my eyes out and get discouraged, but I know that this is where I'm supposed to be, so we're going to find joy in the midst of difficulty."

Tibet is the K2 of the evangelical Christian world – missionaries see it as a formidable yet crucial undertaking, a last spiritual frontier. Of the 400 foreigners living in Xining, most are missionaries, estimates Chris.

Proselytising has been illegal in China since 1949, when Mao Zedong declared western missionaries "spiritual aggressors" and deported them en masse, so today's evangelists work undercover as students, teachers, doctors, and business owners. Moreover, Tibetans are tough customers in the market for souls – Buddhism is central to their cultural identity, making them notoriously difficult to convert.

Despite all that, experts say that changing economic circumstances could make foreign Christians more influential in Tibetan society now than at any point in history.

Robbie Barnett, a leading Tibet expert at Columbia University, argues that the missionary phenomenon overturns the standard notion of western attitudes towards Tibet – that western society is intent on protecting Tibetan religion, while the Chinese government is more concerned with dismantling it. "If you look at foreigners there, there are people whose commitment is to the opposite – it's to replace Tibetan religion with their own religion."

More than 10 people interviewed for this article said that Chinese authorities in Tibetan areas were selectively tolerant of missionaries for reasons that range from pragmatic to borderline sinister. One is that they are a boon to local economies – they open lucrative businesses and teach at local schools for next to nothing, supplementing their meagre salaries with donations from home. Authorities may also consider missionaries politically trustworthy, reluctant to undermine their spiritual missions by openly criticising regional policies.

And lastly, the government may welcome them as a powerful counterforce to Tibetan Buddhism, with its electrifying political overtones.

"China isn't trying to destroy religion by any means, but they're trying to destroy certain parts of Tibetan religion," said Barnett. "They're not the same project by any means, but they certainly have some congruency."

'For Tibetans, everything is about religion'

Most missionaries in Tibet belong to nondenominational organisations which believe that Jesus Christ will return to the earth only when people from every social, cultural and linguistic group have been exposed to his teachings. These groups view mass conversion as a high form of ecclesiastical service, and as such, their tactics can be covert and transactional. Some lure young Tibetans with the promise of English lessons or professional training and coax them into conversion after making sure of their loyalty. Various Tibetans in Xining expressed disgust with this tactic. One likened it to bribery.

"For Tibetans, everything is about religion," said a Tibetan woman in Xining who requested anonymity because of political sensitivities. "They think that Buddhism is perfect for them – that it's flawless. And if somebody points out that there's something wrong with their religion, that's a huge offence."

Most Tibetan converts know the potential consequences of disclosing their spiritual leanings – social alienation, broken family ties – so keep them a closely guarded secret. Nobody knows how many there are: estimates range from zero to thousands.

According to Barnett, Tibetan distrust of missionaries is shorthand for a much broader context – "where the whole structure of Tibetan ideas, beliefs, and cultural values is being radically undermined, year after year, by the Chinese project, by modernity and globalisation in general".

Nowhere is this clearer than in Xining, the capital of Qinghai province. Once an outpost on the Silk Road, the city is now a bustling transport hub linking the Tibetan wild west with affluent eastern provinces. Its entrepreneurs and officials are flush with cash, the ancillary beneficiaries of government programmes that aim to win Tibetan hearts and minds by packing the region with highways and residential high-rises.

Young Tibetans are flocking to cities in ever-greater numbers for jobs and opportunities. The devout spin prayer wheels at tiny temples nestled among police stations and extravagant banquet halls. Outside, the acrid smell of burning yak-butter candles mingles with faint overtones of car exhaust fumes.

No evangelical organisations agreed to be interviewed for this article, but their websites shed light on their functional goals and theological justifications. Good News for Tibet Radio produces Tibetan-language radio programmes that feature "a mixture of Tibetan culture and history, health issues, native folklore, and the Gospel". The evangelical organisation AsiaLink prints children's Bibles in Tibetan.

The Joshua Project, a website that catalogues "unreached people", lists 20 Tibetan subgroups as untouched by Christian beliefs. It quotes the Gospel of Matthew: "This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the whole world as a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come."

Interpretations vary: "You've got rapture people, you've got people who don't believe in the rapture, you've got millennial people, you've got all sorts of beliefs," said one Xining missionary who also requested anonymity.

The first missionary to make any significant headway in Tibet was a Portuguese Jesuit named António de Andrade who, in 1624, infiltrated the region disguised as a Hindu pilgrim. The king and queen of a large independent kingdom there were intrigued by Catholicism, and helped him build a church. Yet De Andrade's warm reception rankled with Tibet's religious elite and, within a few years, the mission was undermined by insurgent lamas (pdf). With a few exceptions, missionaries spent the following centuries proselytising to ethnic Tibetans in northern India, hoping in vain that they would carry their message into the heart of the forbidding theocracy.

A challenging terrain

Things haven't got much easier. Foreigners have been summarily banned from volatile Tibetan areas of Qinghai, Sichuan and Gansu provinces since a two-year wave of protest self-immolations intensified there in the autumn. They are forbidden from entering the Tibetan Autonomous Region except in highly organised groups. Military police patrol the streets of Tibetan cities and maintain checkpoints on major roads.

Missionaries have adopted a range of tactics to combat these obstacles, but none have proven consistently successful. In the 1990s, many would distribute religious leaflets in predominantly Buddhist areas. Evangelical blogs describe the process: often by cover of night, "tract-bombing" teams on tourist visas would stuff the leaflets into letterboxes and nail them to monastery walls. These missions tended to invite more hostility than curiosity. Missionaries were often arrested by high-strung officials or chased away by monks.

Their techniques have become more sophisticated over the past few decades. Some, like Chris and Sarah, have secured long-term Chinese visas by opening coffee shops, boutiques, restaurants and guesthouses. Others are charity-minded doctors and aid workers. Evangelical organisations brainstorm new ways to make the Christian gospel accessible to Tibetans, such as screening Christian films in Tibetan dialects.

"I would be sad and super disappointed if I saw a Tibetan church that looked like an American church," said Chris. "It's a very different culture, and they're going to worship in a very different way."

Chris and Sarah have a strong affinity for Tibetan culture, even if elements of Tibetan religion strike them as sinister or harsh: its icons, the shamanistic rituals, the draconian precepts of reincarnation. "I love these people so much, and I feel like I … I want them to be free from fear," said Sarah. God, she said, brought her overwhelming feelings of love and compassion – feelings she wanted her Tibetan friends to share. Yet so far, progress has been slow. "You can't expect to go into this really rocky field and immediately plant corn," she continued. "It's going to take some time."

Big Uncle

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Re: Going undercover, the evangelists taking Jesus to Tibet
« Reply #1 on: February 22, 2013, 02:04:08 PM »
Wow! Although this may seem initially despicable to some people that the Christians are so hellbent on converting the Tibetans. However, we must be inspired by their tenacity, organization and sheer determination to spread the Gospel to these 'unreachable' people. If the Buddhists overall had the same drive, more people's lives would have changed and so much less people would suffer in this world. In fact, more people would be worshipping Dorje Shugden by now.
« Last Edit: February 23, 2013, 07:22:27 AM by Big Uncle »

Q

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Re: Going undercover, the evangelists taking Jesus to Tibet
« Reply #2 on: February 23, 2013, 05:09:04 AM »
These Christians certainly is passionate about spreading the teachings of Jesus in one of the most challenging region in the world... Tibet lol! We all know how the Tibetans are... they breath Buddhism (though not necessarily practicing it correctly...). I am actually quite impressed by their 'creative' ways of penetrating the Tibetan society in order to preach the Bible.

However, what Sarah said at the last paragraph about wanting them to be free and free of fear... I think for someone that 'loves' the people there is utterly ignorant or in denial. The very fact that Chris and Sarah fail to understand the iconography or at least the simple meaning behind Tibetan's culture obviously show how they will never be able to penetrate this group of people... and what they said about 'being disappointed if a Tibetan church ends up looking the same as the western world' is totally bullshit. Christianity has been known to invade people's cultural values and force one to abandon their unique culture just in the name of God. Let's not forget, the god of Abraham is a jealous god, for if you praise anyone either than him you shall fall into the pits of hell... so who's the one that lives in fear now? Christianity is know for being god fearing... but Buddhism? We just have to be afraid for the karma we've collected.

Too bad some people don't realize this and the very fact that some Tibetans did convert shows that even in Tibet there are Buddhists that don't practice well.

hope rainbow

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Re: Going undercover, the evangelists taking Jesus to Tibet
« Reply #3 on: February 23, 2013, 12:40:51 PM »
Let's face it, Buddhism is growing in traditionally Christian countries.
So if there are Chinese Tibetans that find more affinities with the Gospel of Christ than that of the Buddha, even if it is "manipulated", I do not see why not.

At the end of the day it is not the religion that matters, it is not whether we are Christians or Buddhists or Muslims, it is about how sincerely we practice.
So are we practicing the religion that we claim to label ourselves under?

Rather a practicing Christian than a cynical Buddhist...

dondrup

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Re: Going undercover, the evangelists taking Jesus to Tibet
« Reply #4 on: February 23, 2013, 04:34:23 PM »
Tibetans were very fortunate to have practised Buddhism when it was introduced from India.  Tibetans had preserved Tibetan Buddhism very well until the present day.  Pure lineages of the Nyingma, Sakya, Kagyu and Gelug are available to provide authentic paths to liberation from samsara and full enlightenment. 

However, the Wheel of Dharma had left Tibet and moved to the West.  Though Tibetan Buddhism is still being practised in Tibet, it is slowly experiencing a threat from the other religions.  The evangelical activities of the Christians are taking root in Tibet and causing more conversions than before.  Chinese had similarly practised Chinese Buddhism for centuries.  However, though Chinese Buddhism is still being practised, the other religions had caused many Chinese to embrace Islam, Christianity and so on.  It is not that these other religions are bad, it is sad that Tibetans do not treasure the purity,rarity and preciousness of Tibetan Buddhism.  Soon Tibetans will lose this wish fulfilling jewel (Tibetan Buddhism) if they were to convert their religious beliefs to other religions in this degenerate age!